This section will outline the process of developing the 2015 NEP, and will mainly depend on the official documents available on the New Education Policy (NPE) Consultations website of the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) – www.mhrd.gov.in/nep-new.
The first part of this subsection lists the contents of this website, including links to the official documents. The remainder of this section outlines various aspects of the approach and content of this consultation process and framework, which are detailed in the official documents and related resources provided in the official government website.
The list and brief description of contents of the official GOI NEP website – http://mhrd.gov.in/nep-new – is as follows
- Home Page Introduction
Provides a brief rationale of the NEP, the consultative process to be undertaken and an invitation to citizens to actively participate in the process.
2. Consultation Themes
The official NEP website provides PDFs to the following 2 themes : Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on School Education and Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on Higher Education and Themes which are listed below:
2.1 School Education Themes.
- Ensuring Learning Outcomes in Elementary Education
- Extending outreach of Secondary and Senior Secondary Education
- Strengthening of Vocational Education
- Reforming School Examination Systems
- Revamping Teacher Education for Quality Teachers
- Accelerating rural literacy with special emphasis on Women, SCs, STs& Minorities through Adult Education and National Open Schooling Systems
- Promotion of Information and Communication Technology systems in school and adult education\
- New Knowledge, pedagogies and approaches for teaching of Science, Maths and Technology in School Education to improve learning outcomes of Students.
- Schools standards, School assessment and School Management systems.
- Enabling Inclusive Education – education of SCs, STs, Minorities and children with special needs.
- Promotion of Languages.
- Comprehensive Education – Ethics, Physical Education, Arts & Crafts, Life Skills.
- Focus on Child Health
2.2 Higher Education Themes
- Governance reforms for quality in Higher Education
- Ranking of Higher Education institutions and accreditations
- Improving the quality of regulation
- Pace setting roles of central institutions
- Improving State public universities
- Integrating skill development in higher education
- Promoting online courses
- Opportunities for technology enabled learning
- Addressing regional disparity
- Bridging gender and social gaps
- Linking higher education to society
- Developing the best teachers
- Sustaining student support systems in Higher Education
- Promote cultural integration through language
- Meaningful partnership with the private sector
- Financing higher education
- Internationalisation of higher education
- Engagement with industry to link education to employability
- Promoting research and innovation
- New knowledge
The above 13 School Education themes and 20 Higher Education themes will be discussed in greater detail in the 2 main sections of this blog dealing with School Education and Higher Education respectively.
3. Consultation Framework
Provides the goal of the consultation process and a brief outline of the bottoms-up consultative framework. Details of this framework are included in the last subsection 6, “Outlining the Proposed NEP Consultation and Framework from the above Website Sections and Official Documents
4. Relevant Documents
The following documents are listed in the MHRD NEP website:
- Setting Up of New Education Policy Task Force (NEPTF) – (182 KB)
- DO letter to states from JS – (5.88 MB)
- Manual for Grassroot Level Consultations on NEP – (1.53 MB)
- NEP Templates – School Education in English – (1.32 MB) and other state languages.
- NEP Templates – Higher Education in English – (1.39 MB) and other state languages
- List of Nodal Officers School Education for Coordination with States on Formualtion of NEP – (46.1 KB)
- List of Nodal Officers Higher Education for Coordination with States on Formualtion of NEP – (32.3 KB)
- Summary record of the discussions on the consultative process on formulation of New Education Policy (NEP) in the Meeting held on 21.03.2015 – (84.7 KB)
- Consultation Process for New Education Policy dated 21.03.2015 – (1.35 MB)
- National Consultation for New Education Policy – MyGov Survey – (909 KB)
- National Consultation for New Education Policy –
- Consultation Summary
|S.No.||Consultation Title||Name of the Speaker||Event Date|
|1||Promoting Research and Innovation (link is external)||Prof. Partha P. Chakrabarti, Director, IITKharagpur||Thursday, June 18, 2015 – 04:00|
|2||Promotion of Information and Communication Technology systems in school and adult education (link is external)||Ms. MeetaSengupta, Founder #Eduln||Wednesday, June 10, 2015 – 19:00|
|3||Developing the best teachers (link is external)||Dr. Anurag Tripathi, Asst. Prof., Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Kanpur
|Friday, June 5, 2015 – 04:30|
|4||Enabling Inclusive Education – education of Girls, SCs, STs, Minorities and children with special needs (link is external)||Indumathi Rao, Regional Adviser, CBR NETWORK, Vice Chairperson||Tuesday, June 2, 2015 – 15:00|
|5||Schools standards, School assessment, & School Management systems (link is ext.)||Mr. Bharat Parmar, CII representative||Mon., June 1, 2015 – 17:00|
|6||New Knowledge,pedagogies for teaching of Science, Maths& Tech. in Schools to improve learning outcomes of students||Mr. ViplavBaxi:||Monday, June
6. Outlining the Proposed NEP Consultation and Framework from the above Website Sections and Official Documents
6.1 Goal of NEP Policy
“The Government of India would like to bring out a National Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the population’s requirement with regards to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry.”
6.2 Goal of NEP Consultation Framework
“To ensure that an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach is undertaken, which takes into consideration expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices”.
6.3 Approach of Consultation Framework
“A time-bound, bottom-up consultative process is undertaken which will be driven by a multi-stakeholder task force at the National Level. Such an approach will enable the Ministry of HRD to reach out to individuals across the country through over 2.75 lakh direct consultations while also taking input from citizens online”
6.4 Three-Pronged Consultation Process
The 3-pronged Education consultation process includes: consultation from village level up to State level ; thematic consultations including state, zonal and national level consultations; online consultations. All these sequential consultations will feed into a National Task force assigned the task of preparing a final report.
6.5 Village-Level Upwards Consultation Process
The village-level discussions are to focus only on School Education. Beginning at this level, the consultations follow one after another culminating in discussions at the national level. Beginning at block level, both School and Higher Education issues are to be taken up at all subsequent levels
7. Seven Stage Bottoms-up Approach from Village /Gram Panchayat
- Gram Panchayat– Meetings of Village Education Committees provided with relevant questions on School Education themes provided by MHRD, and to come out with recommendations on the NEP. Approx 2.50 lakh meetings on a single day
2. Block Education Officers to hold meetings of Education Committees to compile and evaluate the recommendations of Gram Panchayat level meetings, and add own views and recommendations on questions on School and Higher Education themes provided by MHRD .Approx. 6.600 meetings
3. Urban Local Bodies – Meetings of representatives of urban bodies and and elected Municipal Councillors provided with questions on School and Higher Education themes provided by MHRD . Approx. 3,700 meetings
4. District Collector/ Magistrate along with the MP/ MLA to hold a multi-stakeholder consultation workshop. District recommendations to also incorporate block level recommendations and provide own views on questions on School and Higher Education themes provided by MHRD Approx. 676 meetings
5. State to hold thematic and multistake roundtable meetings to produce a comprehensive document for each State, which will also synthesise district level reports, and have discussions on fresh issues and themes at the State level on School and Higher Education . 3 meetings per State/ UT and approx 100 meetings in total. Outcome would be 36 State/UT outcome documents incorporating both School Education and Higher Education. Approx. 100 meetings
6. Regions /Zones meetings of groups of states to discuss regional requirements and provide inputs based on State recommendations. 6 meetings to be held. At the end of each of 6 zonal consultations, a consolidated Status Note including both School Education and Higher Education will be prepared which will incorporate recommendations of State level consultations, and discussions on thematic areas and on regional issue on each thematic area of School Education and Higher Education provided by MHRD. Approx.6-8 meetings
7. National level multistakeholder thematic roundtables. It will also focus on the 6 thematic status notes of each zone and online consultation on School Education and Higher Education through various forums including MyGov, MHRD website. 12 meetings to be held. The Thematic notes will be synthesised into a single consolidated Consultation Document to be placed before National Education Policy Task Force (NEPTF) for consideration.
8. Membership of NEPTP and Its Tasks
- Composed of multi-stakeholder members with diverse backgrounds
- Identifying key themes and finalising the New Education Policy Consultation Document
- Driving the time-bound consultation process at all levels
- Compiling and analysing the recommendations from the Online -Recommendations, Regional, State Reports and National Roundtable.
- Evaluating international best practices and policies and submit a final report for the New Education Policy.
The content of the other two strands-thematic and online consultatations of this 3-pronged consultation process is discussed in the next subsection,
9 . Varying Content of of 3-Pronged Consultation Discussions
9.1 Content of State and Intra – State Level Discussions
Large-scale School Education discussions at each of the 5 state administrative levels: panchayat, block, urban local body, district and state. To help guide these discussions, MHRD has provided on an average about 8 questions for each of the School Education and Higher Education theme. Each of the 13 themes of School Education and 20 themes of Higher Education have been listed above.
Higher Education discussions begin only at the block level. At each of the levels, only some of the themes of School and Higher Education are discussed, and furthermore at each level there are some common and different questions.
For example, only certain School Education themes have been suggested for discussion at the gram panchayat, block and district level, and the related questions to facilitate discussions are generally different and more limited than the ones listed for state-level discussions. It is only at the state level, that all the themes in School and Higher Education are slated for discussion.
For each of the 5 administrative levels, the list of School Education questions based on 13 School Education themes are provided in various regional languages, including English, in the School Education template in the subsection, “Relevant Documents”, in the official NEP website.
For each of the 4 administrative levels beginning at the block, the list of Higher Education questions are provided in various regional languages, including English, in the Higher Education template in the subsection, “Relevant Documents”.
All the recommendations from gram panchayat level to state level are to be uploaded on the MyGov portal.
9.2 Thematic Discussions at the State, Regional and National Level.
The Consultation Framework document has indicated that there should 3 thematic, multi-stakeholder roundtable meetings per state and 12 such meetings at the national level focussing on the 13 School Education themes and 20 Higher Education themes.
To facilitate these thematic discussions, MHRD has provided a short write-up and a set of different questions for for each of the themes. In the large-scale discussions, no write-ups were provided, and the questions were “simpler”
The link to the content of the write-ups and questions for these discussions is provided in the sub-section Consultation Themes in the NEP website- Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on School Education English – (564 KB). Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on Higher Education English – (835 KB)
9.3. Online Consultations
The NEP has been included as a thematic group of the GOI portal www.mygov.in. On each of the 13themes of School Education and 20 themes of Higher Education, a 100-150 word brief has been provided to guide the discussion.
10. Official Documents – Vocational Education/Skill Development
One of the 13 themes in School Education is devoted to “Strengthening of Vocational Education”. In the write-up and questions for thematic discussions devoted to this theme, both the terms vocational education and skill development are used. The link to the content of the write-ups and questions for these thematic discussions is provided in the sub-section, Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on School Education English – (564 KB) posted on the official NEP website.
In Higher Education, one of the 20 themes is “Integrating Skill Development in Higher Education”. The link to the write-up and questions on this theme for thematic discussions is provided in : Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on Higher Education English – (835 KB) posted on the official NEP website
There is also a separate list of questions on vocational education/skill development provided for School and Higher Education discussions at the various levels within any state, beginning with the village councils. The link to the list of these School Education questions , provided in the School Education template posted on the NEP website in the subsection, “Relevant Documents”, is English – (1.32 MB).
The link to the separate list of questions on vocational education/skill development in Higher Education is provided in the Higher Education template in the subsection, “Relevant Documents”, in the official NEP website. The link to this set of questions in English are English (1.39 MB).
11. Official Documents – Adult Education
While implicitly the education of adults feature in all NEP Higher Education documents , Adult Education as a distinct area for discussion does not feature in the list of 20 themes. Neither it, nor Adult Literacy, is even mentioned in the write-up and questions that flesh out the thematic discussions, nor does it feature in the list of questions for discussion at each block, urban local body, district and state. In all the NEP Higher Education Documents, only one passing reference is made to Continuing Education.
However, Adult Education as a distinct area features in the School Education consultations. One of the 13 themes of of School Education includes a discussion of Adult Education: “Accelerating rural literacy with special emphasis on Women, SCs, STs& Minorities through Adult Education and National Open Schooling Systems”. It is also mentioned, but only in passing, in another theme: “Promotion of Information and Communication Technology Systems in School and Adult Education”. The link to the content of the write-ups and questions for these discussions is provided in the sub-section Consultation Themes in the NEP website entitled “Themes and questions for Policy Consultation on School Education,” English – (564 KB)